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Dambulla Rock Cave Temple in Dambulla

The Golden Temple

The Golden Buddha Statue

Buddhist Museum

Cave No. 1 (Dev Raja Viharaya)

Cave No. 2: (Maha Raja Viharaya)

Cave No. 3 (Maha Aluth Viharaya)

Cave No. 4 (Pascima Viharaya)

Cave No. V (Devana Alut Viharaya)

The Golden Temple

This monastery is situated east of Rock Temple. The Dambulla cave dwelling monks later, due to lack of basic requirements had housed their monastery adjoining the main road associating the rock grottos and hence the history of Golden Temple does not exceed 250 years, which has been commenced as a monastery of Rock Temple monks that has presently b

The Golden Buddha Statue

The establishment of the gold plated Buddha Image of the "Dhamma Chakka" posture at the Golden Temple is particular. The work of this statue was commenced on the 06th of March, 1998 within a period of three years and unveiled on the o6th May, 2001 on Vesak Full Moon Day with the participation of thousands of clergy and laity. The Buddha Statue is

Buddhist Museum

This is a three storied museum complex. This has been designed to modern thoughts confirming the Buddhist identity avoiding the traditional museum aspect. Deposition of Buddha Images pertaining to Thailand, Burma, China, Japan, Korea and Singapore could be seen apart from the antiques. About rupees 250 Million had been spent over the completion o

Cave No. 1 (Dev Raja Viharaya)

Cave No 1 is the first shrine the visitor meets as entering the temple through the main gateway. This cave is called Dev Raja Viharaya. Or the Temple of the King of the Gods. Its got this name from the traditional story that sakka who is the king of the Gods gave the finishing touches to the principal statue it. This image depicts the parinibbana

Cave No. 2: (Maha Raja Viharaya)

Cave No. 2 is the largest and the most impressive one within the complex. The front portal is a lofty archway guarded on either side by Makara figures executed in stone. According to current lore, this shine was founded by the great king Vattagamini Abhaya. The paintings and sculpture here are well conserved. The cave is seventy two feet long sev

Cave No. 3 (Maha Aluth Viharaya)

This cave called Maha Alut Viharaya (The Great New Temple) is separated from Cave No. II by a masonry wall. This cave is said to have been used as storeroom until the 18th century. The cave is about ninety feet long, eighty-one feet wide, and its ceiling is a shelving rock, about thirty-six feet high and is the second largest cave. The vast rock su

Cave No. 4 (Pascima Viharaya)

Pascima Viharaya means the Western Temple. It is about fifty feet long, and twenty feet wide. The roof about twenty-seven feet high, and dips steeply towards the back wall.

This cave has ten figures of the Buddha all of equal size and proportion. The Principle sedent figure is placed under a thorana, an archway, in the classical post

Cave No. V (Devana Alut Viharaya)

This cave, called Devana Alut Viharaya, is the smallest of all shrine rooms of the Dambulla Rock Temple. This was made a shrine room by a local chieftain in the beginnings of this century. This cave constitutes natural rock as the roof and four built up walls. It has a painted area of 69.52 square meters. The width of it is roughly 6.8 meters and l

Dambulla Rock Cave Temple
Dambulla Cave Temple

Dambulla Rock Cave Temple

Dambulla-gala (the Rock of Dambulla) is a vast isolated rock outcrop which towers about 600ft.above the plain. It stands bare and black exposed to the scorching sun, very little of it sheltered by woodland, in this rock is a complex of caves, which house the historic rock temple of Dambulla. This is one of the oldest Buddhist shrines in Sri Lanka .It is referred to as Jambukola Vihara in the Mahavamsa, which is the principle chronicle of Sri Lankan history.

The quickest route to Dambulla, from Colombo is via Kurunagala. It lies in close proximity to several historical sites. Kandy, the last capital of the Sinhala kings, lies about forty-seven miles to the south-East. Aluwihara, another rock temple where tradition maintains the Buddhist scriptures were first committed to writing in about the first century B.C., lies 26 miles to the south on the Kandy-Dambulla road. Twelve miles to North-East is the famous rock-fortress of Sigiriya renowned for its pleasure garden, frescoes and mirror wall.

The Temples
The caves which the temple 0ccuoies are at a height of about 350 ft. above the plain, on the western side of the rock. Which of these caves are natural and which are man-made is difficult to determine, but it is most likely what some were small natural grottos which were excavated and enlarged. Tradition has it that in the first century B.C., King Vattagamini Abhaya had the existing canes enlarged and smoothened, and then had drip ledges (Katarama) cut above the entrances to prevent rain water from dripping in.

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