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Sigiriya Rock Fortress in Sigiriya
 
THINGS TO DO

Sigiriya Frescoes

Miniature Gardens

Pavilion Gardens

Fountain Gardens

Moated Palaces & Gardens

Octagonal Pond & Gardens

Boulder Gardens

Terraced Gardens

Mirror Wall

Sigiri Graffiti

Lion Staircase & Gatehouse

Sky Palace

Sigiriya Frescoes

The Sigiriya Frescoes were painted on the western surface of Sigiriya Rock. Completed nearly 1600 years ago they were part of a huge tapestry that extended in a gigantic band around the waist of the rock. This immense picture gallery of over 500 semi-naked females covered an area of approximately 5600 sq meters. It extended from the top of the zigz

Miniature Gardens

Just inside the western gate of the Sigiriya Fortress are the Miniature Gardens. These gardens follow a mirror plan. That is the say each garden mirrors the other on the opposite side of the boulevard which run through the middle. Each garden is approximately ninety meters long and thirty meters wide. They are very different in layout and compositi

Pavilion Gardens

The Pavilion Gardens at Sigiriya where built during the reign of King Kasyapa I nearly 1600 years ago. They are the oldest surviving example of the charbagh quartered garden plan. It pre-dates similar designs at the Taj Mahal and Jaigarh Fort in India by over a thousand years. The gardens consist of a large walled compound with four massive L-shape

Fountain Gardens

An interesting feature of the Fountain Gardens at Sigiriya is the sudden appearance and disappears of water. Waterfalls appear out of nowhere and streams seem to disappear into thin air. The lower level of the gardens has two long deep stepped pools which were once plastered and polished.

Draining into these pools are a series of gentle

Moated Palaces & Gardens

The Moated Palaces built over 1600 years ago at Sigiriya are mostly obscured from view and often overlooked by visitors. Located immediately behind the Fountain Gardens they are the largest gardens by area in the citadel.

They consist of rectangular compounds surrounded by high retaining walls. Inside each are two large circular built-

Octagonal Pond & Gardens

The Octagonal Pond at Sigiriya is believed to have been used exclusively by the king and his immediate royal court. It is approximately 30 meters in diameter and 110 meters in circumference. It was originally brick-lined and plastered and contained brick staircases leading into it.

Before each use it was flushed out into the moat of th

Boulder Gardens

The Sigiriya Boulder Gardens were built by King Kasyapa 1600 years ago and cover an area along the entire western side of the Sigiriya rock. It was intentionally organic and designed to create an illusion of natural harmony. Features are juxtaposed in irregular ways to strike the eye and create beautiful soothing compositions.

A number

Terraced Gardens

The Terraced Gardens at Sigiriya are fashioned out of the natural hill at the base of the western slope of the Sigiriya rock. Roughly hewn granite blocks were used to build retaining walls with landings that rise in a series of concentric circles one above the other.

There are two massive brick stairways with limestone paving, which pr

Mirror Wall

The Mirror Wall Sigiriya, Sri Lanka, is now stained in hues of orange. When it was built by King Kasyapa over 1600 years ago it was a highly polished white masonry wall that wound its way precariously along the near-perpendicular western rock face of Sigiriya Rock. Commencing at the top of a flight of steep stairs at the Terraced Gardens, it traver

Sigiri Graffiti

The Sigiriya Graffiti were written on the surface of the Mirror Wall at Sigiriya in Sri Lanka between 600AD and 1400AD. Scribbled on the wall are over 1800 pieces of prose, poetry and commentary written by ancient tourists.

These graffiti offer a fascinating insight into the history of Sigiriya and the evolution of language in Sri Lank

Lion Staircase & Gatehouse

The Lion Staircase Sigiriya, Sri Lanka was built by King Kasyapa over 1600 years ago to guard the final entrance to his Sky Palace on top of Sigiriya Rock.It is situated on a small escarpment about half-way up the northern side of Sigiriya rock. The paws and staircase are all that remain of a once colossal gatehouse built in the form of a crouchi

Sky Palace

The crowning glory of Sigiriya was the Sky Palace located on the summit of the massive 200 meter high Sigiriya Rock. It was the geometrical center of the city built by King Kasyapa (ruled 477 495 AD) in what was then virgin forest. In its heyday 1600 years ago, it was indeed a breathtaking sight. Visible for miles around, the Sky Palace appeared

Sigiriya Rock Fortress
Sigiriya
Sigiriya
 

Sigiriya Rock Fortress

Sigiriya is an archelological site in North Central Sri Lanka. It contains the ruins of an ancient palace complex, built during the regin of King Kasyapa (477AD - 495 AD). It is one of the 7 world heritage sites in Sri Lanka and is one of it's most popular tourist destinations.

The Sigiriya site consistes of a 180m tall granite rock, whose sides are so steep that at some points the top overhangs the base. At the top of the site there is a palace complex. The ruines of various chambers, stairways and pools can be seen at the top. There is a stone stairway leading from the base to the top of the mountain. About half way to the top, there is a pair giant pair of lions paws which is infact the ruind of a huge head of a lion whose open mouth served as the entrance to the royal palace. Surrounding the palace complex are the ruins of a garden complex consisting of two moats, various pools.

Sigiriya may have been inhabited through Pre- Historic times. It was used as a rock-shelter mountain monastery from about the 3rd century BC, with caves prepared and donated by devotees to the Buddhist Sangha. The garden and the palace was built by Kasyapa 477 - 495 AD. Then after Kasyapa's death it was a monastery complex upto about the 14th century after which it was abandoned. The ruins were discovered in 1907 by British Explorer John Still.


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